November Health Updates
Flu Vaccinations & E-Cigarettes
Posted on 11/20/2019
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E-cigarette Youth Epidemic

Basics
 E-cigarettes are designed to deliver nicotine, flavorings, illegal drugs or other additives to the user via an inhaled aerosol
 Typically, they consist of three parts; a rechargeable lithium battery, a vaporizing chamber and a cartridge or “pod” that contains the liquid
 Use among youth is increasing at an alarming rate, up 900% from 2011-2015
 In 2018, 1 in 20 middle school students and 1 in 5 high school students were using
 They come in kid friendly flavors such as bubble gum, mint and various fruits
 Exhaled aerosol often smells fruity or sweet and is dependent on the flavor. It dissipates very rapidly and is easy to conceal
Devices
 Known as “e-cigs”, “e-hookahs”, “mods”, and “vape pens”
 Most popular e-cigarette among youth is the JUUL due to its small size, minimal exhaled aerosol and reduced odor, making it very easy to conceal
 One JUUL pod, roughly the size of a small USB device, contains as much nicotine as an entire pack of cigarettes and is highly addictive
 The battery in a JUUL uses a USB magnetic charger that can plug into any USB port

Dangers
 Extremely high levels of nicotine are very addictive and harm the developing brain, impacting learning, memory and attention
 Youth use of nicotine increases the risk for future addiction to other drugs, including cigarettes
 E-cigarettes contain heavy metals, organic compounds and tiny particles that are inhaled deeply into the lungs, causing irreparable lung damage or even death (42 confirmed deaths as of 11/14/19 )
 Pods may also contain marijuana, other illegal drugs or toxic chemicals
 Surgeon General’s advisory states “importance of protecting our children from a lifetime of nicotine addiction and associated health risks by immediately addressing the epidemic of youth e-cigarette use”
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